Rising Waters: Ethiopia’s New Mega-Dam Creates Tensions in The Horn of Africa

David Figueira Bourton discusses the impacts of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) on Egyptian and Ethiopian water disputes and assesses the possibility of a military resolution. Since 2011 the $4.8bn Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has been under construction on the Blue Nile River. The dam is located in the Benishangul-Gumuz region of Ethiopia,…

Drilling Down for Gas in Cabo Delgado: A Dream for Mozambique?

David Figueira Bourton discusses the socio-economic impacts of Mozambique’s plentiful gas reserves, and questions whether there are more problems lying beneath the surface. In 2010, Anadarko Petroleum, the US energy company discovered extensive gas reserves in the ultra-deepwater Rovuma Basin off the coast of Cabo Delgado – the northernmost province of Mozambique bordering Tanzania. Similarly,…

Beyond the Horizon: Portugal’s Plan for Atlantic Expansion

David Figueira Bourton explores the consequences of Portugal’s lost empire, and the economic strategies set to reinstate its influence on the political map. During the European Age of Discovery, an era that marked the start of globalisation, Portugal was one of the pioneering powers establishing trading posts (feitorias) in the Middle East, South Asia, Africa…